Table of Abbreviations

2LD

Second Level Domain

AACS

Advanced Access Content System

AAP

Alternative Approval Process (see ITU)

AARNET

Australian Academic Research Network

AC

Advisory Committee (see ICANN)

ACA

(see ACMA)

ACCC

Australian Competition and Consumer Commission

ACCI

Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry

ACLU

American Civil Liberties Union

ACMA

Australian Communications and Media Authority

ACTU

Australian Council of Trade Unions

ADMA

Australian Direct Marketing Association

ADNA

Australian Domain Name Administration

AGIMO

Australian Government Information Managment Office

ALAC

At-Large Advisory Committee (see ICANN)

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

AOL

America Online

APC

Association for Progressive Communications

APDIP

Asia-Pacific Development Information Programme (see UNDP)

APEC

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

APNIC

Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre

APRA

Australian Performers Rights Association

APRALO

Asia-Pacific Regional At-Large Organization (see ICANN)

ARIA

Australian Recording Industry Association

ARIN

American Registry for Internet Numbers

ARPA

see DARPA

AS

Autonomous System

ASEAN

Association of South East Asian Nations

ASF

Apache Software Foundation

ASIC

Australian Securities and Investments Commission

ASO

Address Supporting Organization (see ICANN)

ASRB

Accounting Standards Review Board

ASRG

Anti-Spam Research Group

ASTA

Anti-Spam Technical Alliance

auDRP

.au Dispute Resolution Policy

AUP

Acceptable Use Policy

AURSC

Australian Root Server Consortium

AusCERT

Australian Computer Emergency Response Team

auWG

dot-AU Working Group

B2B

Business to business

BASIS

Business Action to Support the Information Society

BDFL

Benevolent Dictator For Life

BGP

Border Gateway Protocol

BIND

Berkeley Internet Name Daemon

BOF

Birds of a Feather (see IETF)

C-CAICE

Canadian Coalition Against Internet Child Exploitation

CA

Certification Authority

CAC

Consumer Advisory Council

CAMDUN

Campaign for a More Democratic United Nations

CCBI

Coordinating Committee of Business Interlocutors (see WSIS)

CCNSO

Country Code Names Supporting Organization (see ICANN)

ccTLD

Country-code Top Level Domain

CDT

Center for Democracy and Technology

CEN

European Committee for Standardization

CERT

Computer Emergency Response Team

CERT.br

Centro de Estudos, Resposta e Tratamento de Incidentes de Segurança no Brasil

CGI.br

Comitê Gestor da Internet no Brasil

CMC

Computer-Mediated Communication

CNSA

Contact Network of Anti-Spam Enforcement Authorities

CoE

Community of Expertise (see GAID)

CONGO

Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations in Consultative Relationship with the United Nations

COO

Chief Operating Officer

CoR

Committee of the Regions (see EU)

CORE

Council of Registrars

CPA

Certified Public Accountant

CS-IGC

Civil Society Internet Governance Caucus

CSB

Civil Society Bureau

CSR

Corporate Social Responsibility

CSS

Content Scrambling System

DARPA

Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency

DCOS

Dynamic Coalition on Open Standards

DDoS

Distributed Denial of Service

DEMOS

Delphi Mediation Online System

DKIM

Domain Keys Identified Mail

DMCA

Digital Millennium Copyright Act

DNS

Domain Name System

DNSSEC

DNS Security Extensions

DOT Force

Digital Opportunities Task Force

DRM

Digital Rights Management

DSF

Digital Solidarity Fund

DVD

Digital Versatile Disk

EBITT

E-Business, IT and Telecoms (see ICC)

EC

European Community

ECOSOC

Economic and Social Council (see UN)

ECSC

European Coal and Steel Community

EEC

European Economic Community

EESC

Economic and Social Committee (see EU)

EFA

Electronic Frontiers Australia

EFF

Electronic Frontiers Foundation

ENISA

European Network and Information Security Agency

ENSTA

École Nationale Supérieure de Techniques Avancées

ETNO

European Telecommunications Network Operators' Association

EU

European Union

EUROLINC

European Languages Internet Conference

FIRST

Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams

FLOSS

Free/Libre/Open Source Software

FNC

Federal Network Council

FOSS

Free/Open Source Software

FSC

Forestry Stewardship Council

FSF

Free Software Foundation

FTA

Fair Trade Agreement

FTC

Federal Trade Commission

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

G77

Group of 77

GAC

Governmental Advisory Committee (see ICANN)

GAID

Global Alliance for ICT and Development

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GBDe

Global Business Dialogue on Electronic Commerce

GFDL

GNU Free Documentation License

GIC [1]

Global Internet Council (see WGIG)

GIC [2]

Group for the Internationalization of the Cyberspace

GIFT

Global Internet Freedom Taskforce

GKP

Global Knowledge Partnership

GNSO

Generic Names Supporting Organization (see ICANN)

GNU

GNU's Not Unix

GO

Geosynchronous Orbit

GONGO

Government-Organised Non-governmental Organisation

GPL

General Public License

GRASS

Group Report Authoring Support System

GSM

Global System for Mobile Communications

gTLD

Generic Top Level Domain

gTLD-MOU

Generic Top Level Domain Memorandum of Understanding

HLSOC

High-Level Summit Organizing Committee

HTML

HyperText Markup Language

HTTP

HyperText Transfer Protocol

I18N

Internationalisation

IAHC

Internet International Ad Hoc Committee

IAIS

International Association of Insurance Supervisors

IAL

International Law Association

ICA

Institute of Cultural Affairs

ICANN

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

ICC

International Chamber of Commerce

ICCB

Internet Configuration Control Board

ICJ

International Court of Justice

ICPEN

International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network

ICRA

Internet Content Rating Association

ICT

Information and Communication Technologies

ICT4D

ICT for Development

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IESG

Internet Engineering Steering Group

IETF

Internet Engineering Task Force

IFWP

International Forum on the White Paper

IGF

Internet Governance Forum

IGO

Inter-Governmental Organisation

IGP

Internet Governance Project

IIA

Internet Industry Association of Australia

IIC

International Internet Council (see WGIG)

IIL

Institute of International Law

ILO

International Labour Organization

ILPF

Internet Law and Policy Forum

IMF

International Monetary Fund

IMO

International Maritime Organization

INTA

International Trade Mark Association

InterNIC

Internet Network Information Centre

IOSCO

International Organization of Securities Commissions

IPR

Intellectual Property Rights

IRC

Internet Relay Chat

IRP

Independent Review Panel (see ICANN)

IRSG

Internet Research Steering Group

IRTF

Internet Research Task Force

ISI

Information Sciences Institute at the University of Southern California

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISP

Internet Service Provider

ISTF

Internet Societal Task Force

ITAA

Information Technology Association of America

ITR

International Telecommunications Regulations

ITS

Incompatible Time-sharing System

ITU

International Telecommunications Union

IWF

Internet Watch Foundation

JPA

Joint Project Agreement

JPEG

Joint Photographic Experts Group

JTC 1

Information Technology Joint Technical Committee (see ISO)

K4D

Knowledge for Development

LAP

London Action Plan

MAC

Membership Advisory Committee (see ICANN)

MAG

Multistakeholder Advisory Group (see IGF)

MBCA

Mutually Beneficial Collective Action

MDG

Millennium Development Goals

MEP

Member of the European Parliament

MIME

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

MINC

Multilingual Internet Names Consortium

MIPI

Music Industry Piracy Investigations

MIT

Massechusetts Institute of Technology

MMWG

Multistakeholder Modalities Working Group

MNC

Multinational Corporation

MOU

Memorandum of Understanding

MPEG

Moving Picture Experts Group

MSP

Multi-stakeholder partnership

NACPEC

North American Consumer Project on Electronic Commerce

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NGO

Non-Governmental Organisation

NIR

National Internet Registry

NOIE

National Office of the Information Economy

NRO

Number Resources Organization

NSF

National Science Foundation

NSI

Network Solutions Incorporated

NTIA

National Telecommunications and Information Administration

NWG

Network Working Group

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OHCHR

Office of United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

OIC

Organization of the Islamic Conference

OPM

Open Policy Meeting (see APNIC)

ORDIG

Open Regional Dialogue on Internet Governance

OSI

Open Systems Interconnection

P2P

Peer-to-Peer

P3P

Platform for Privacy Preferences

PAB [1]

Policy Advisory Body (see gTLD-MOU)

PAB [2]

Policy Advisory Board (see auDA)

PDP

Policy Development Process (see ICANN)

PFIR

People For Internet Responsibility

PGP

Pretty Good Privacy

PICS

Platform for Internet Content Selection

PIR

Public Interest Registry

POC

Policy Oversight Committee (see gTLD-MOU)

PPP

Public-private partnership

PSTN

Public Switched Telephone Network

PTT

Postal Telegraph and Telephone

RALO

Regional At-Large Organization (see ICANN)

RDF

Resource Description Framework

RFC

Request For Comment

RIAA

Recording Industry Association of America

RIPE NCC

Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre

RIR

Regional Internet Registries

RSS

Really Simple Syndication

RTF

Rich Text Format

SABDFL

Self-Appointed Benevolent Dictator For Life

SAG

Special Advisory Group (see IGF)

SEC

Securities Exchange Commission

SET

Secure Electronic Transactions

SGML

Standard Generalised Markup Language

SIA

Satellite Industry Association

SIDN

Stichting Internet Domeinregistratie Nederland

SIG

Special Interest Group

SMF

Simple Machines Forum

SMTP

Simple Mail Transport Protocol

SNMP

Simple Network Management Protocol

SO

Supporting Organization (see ICANN)

SPI

Software in the Public Interest

SPIN

Segmentary, Polycentric, Integrated Network

SRS

Shared Registry System (see gTLD-MOU)

SSL

Secure Sockets Layer

TAG

Technical Advisory Group (see W3C)

TCCC

Telstra Consumer Consultative Council

TEL

Telecommunications and Information Working Group (see APEC)

TFFM

Task Force on Financing Mechanisms

TIO

Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman

TLD

Top Level Domain

TLG

Technical Liaison Group (see ICANN)

TLS

Transport Layer Security

TRIPS

Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property

TSB

Telecommunication Standardization Bureau (see ITU)

UDRP

Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy

UN

United Nations

UNCITRAL

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNICTTF

United Nations ICT Task Force

UNIDROIT

International Institute for the Unification of Private Law

UNMSP

United Nations Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships

UPU

Universal Postal Union

VGT

Virtual Global Taskforce

VoIP

Voice Over IP

VPN

Virtual Private Network

W3C

World Wide Web Consortium

WAP

Wireless Application Protocol

WCIT

World Conference on International Telecommunication

WGCIG

Working Group on Constitutional Internet Governance

WGIG

Working Group on Internet Governance

WHATWG

Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

WITSA

World Information Technology and Services Alliance

WLL

Wireless Local Loop

WSIS

World Summit on the Information Society

WSIS-SCT

Civil Society Subcommittee on Content and Themes

WTO

World Trade Organization

WTSA

World Telecommunications Standardization Assembly

XML

Extensibile Markup Language

YSEI

Youth Social Enterprise Initiative