Index

Symbols

21st Century Town Meeting, Deliberation in domestic politics , Online deliberation , Conceptual criticisms , Offline consensus , Democratic deliberation

A

A2K, Dynamic coalitions , Meta-governance , Development , Workshops and dynamic coalitions
AARNET, Genesis of the Internet
ACCC, National , Consumer rights
ACMA, Networks , National , Spam , Spillover effects , Co-regulation
Afghanistan, Cultural differences
Africa, Regional , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Civil society’s influence on international law , Cultural differences , WSIS , Open consultations , Advisory Group
AFRINIC, Regional
agenda-setting, ICANN , Advisory Group , Democratic deliberation
agonism, Consensus and culture , Consensus and culture ,
AlterNIC, Anarchistic Internet governance
Alvin Toffler, Inclusion
Amnesty International, Civil society , e-democracy , Network building
anarchism, International relations , New medievalism , Designing a governance network , Anarchistic , Anarchy and the Internet , Anarchy and the Internet , Usenet , Usenet , Wikipedia , Anarchistic Internet governance , Criticisms , Oligarchy , Co-regulation , Governments as a proxy for the meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Hierarchy and open source software , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Criticisms , Democratic , Criticisms , Criticisms , Consensus and culture , Consensus and rational choice , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Other proposals , Anarchistic , Hierarchical , Consensual , The need for further reform , The IGF’s report card , Structure , , Wikipedia , Anarchistic Internet governance , Co-regulation , Criticisms , Internet democracy , Consensual , Criticisms , Multi-stakeholder public policy development
anarcho-capitalism, Anarchistic Internet governance
decentralised collective action, Anarchistic Internet governance , Co-regulation , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Transnational law , Network building , Structure
anonymity, Technical and social architecture , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Architecture , Anarchistic Internet governance , e-democracy , The IGF’s report card
Antigua, World Trade Organization
antitrust, ICANN as an oligarchy
AOL, Freedom of expression , Data protection and privacy rights
Apache, Hierarchy and open source software
APC, Development , Submissions , Consultations , Anchored in the international system , Workshops and dynamic coalitions
APDIP, Regional initiatives , Subsidiarity
APEC, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Data protection and privacy rights , Consumer rights , Governments , Second phase , Dynamic coalitions
APNIC, The inception of ICANN , Regional , Criticisms , Consensus in Internet governance , APNIC , IETF , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Dynamic coalitions , Other organisations as models , Policy-setting , Plenary , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Nominating committee , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation , Assessing consensus , Inclusion , e-democracy
OPM, APNIC , Plenary
APRALO, International
arbitration, The inception of ICANN , The new law merchant , New medievalism , Soft law , Private law , Internet governance as law , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Global public policy and oversight , Hierarchical , Autonomous transnational law , The IGF’s report card , Other organisations as models , Transnational law
architecture, Genesis of the Internet , Technical and social architecture , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Governance mechanisms , Architecture , Internet governance as it was , Technical coordination , Historical development , ITU , Legitimacy , Public policy governance , Internet-related public policy issues , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Governance mechanisms revisited , Spillover effects , Anarchy and the Internet , Usenet , Wikipedia , Anarchistic Internet governance , Criticisms , Co-regulation , Hierarchy and open source software , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , e-democracy , The stakeholder groups revisited , Other proposals , Anarchistic , Hierarchical , The IGF’s report card , Other organisations as models , Role , Policy-setting , Transnational law , Subsidiarity , A new IGF
Argentina, Consultations
aristocracy, ICANN as an oligarchy , Meritocracy
Aristotle, ICANN as an oligarchy , Meritocracy , The IETF as a meritocracy , Hybrid models , Democratic
ARPANET, Genesis of the Internet , Historical development
auDA, National , Criticisms , Data protection and privacy rights , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Political issues , Consultations , Other organisations as models , Plenary , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Consociationalism and the IGF , Nominating committee , Democratic deliberation , Accountability , A new IGF
auDRP, Criticisms
AUP, Anarchistic
Australia, Genesis of the Internet , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Rules , Networks , The inception of ICANN , International , Regional , National , Standards bodies , ITU , Public policy governance , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Spam , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Freedom of expression , Data protection and privacy rights , Consumer rights , e-commerce and e-government , Criticisms , Governance mechanisms revisited , International law , The United Nations , World Trade Organization , International Labour Organization , The European Union , The private sector , Civil society’s influence on international law , International conventions , Resolutions , Codes , Standards , Governments , Enforcement of international law , Conflict of laws , Spillover effects , Differences between legal systems , Anarchistic Internet governance , Co-regulation , Direct versus representative , Participatory democracy , Deliberative democracy , Deliberation in domestic politics , Transparency , e-democracy , Digital deficits , Political issues , WGIG , The Internet Governance Forum , Preparations , Submissions , Open consultations , Follow-up , Consultations , Regional initiatives , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Accountability , A new IGF
authentication, Technical and social architecture , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , IETF , Usenet , Democratic ,
authority,
instrumental-rational, Civil society
legal-rational, The legitimacy of authority , Governments , Ideological differences
supranational, International law , The United Nations , The European Union , New medievalism , Criticisms , Transnational democracy , Recommendations
avatar, Digital deficits , Internet democracy
authoritarianism, Ideological differences , Usenet , , Hierarchical , ICANN as an oligarchy
Azerbaijan, IGF , Submissions

B

backbone, Genesis of the Internet , The inception of ICANN , Development , Designing a governance network , Usenet
Ban Ki-moon, Consultations
bandwidth, Markets
BASIS, The private sector , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Follow-up , Consultations , Submissions , Autonomous transnational law , Democratic deliberation
BGP, Genesis of the Internet , Hierarchy and open source software , Online deliberation ,
BIND, IETF
benevolent dictatorship, W3C , Hierarchy and open source software
BitKeeper, Hierarchy and open source software
blog, Wikipedia , Hierarchy and open source software , e-democracy , Internet democracy , Online deliberation , Conceptual criticisms , Processes , Remote participation , Transparency , Inclusion , e-democracy , A new IGF
BOF, Regional , IETF , W3C , Dynamic coalitions , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Democratic deliberation
bootstrap, Hierarchical , Autonomous transnational law , Nominating committee , Democratic deliberation
Brazil, Online deliberation , WGIG , Enhanced cooperation , IGF , Open consultations , The First Meeting , Plenary sessions , Dynamic coalitions , Follow-up , Consultations , Plenary sessions , Remote participation , Regional initiatives , CGI.br , Advisory Group
broadcast, e-democracy , Remote participation
browser, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , ITU , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Data protection and privacy rights , Hierarchy and open source software
bug, Hierarchy and open source software
bureaucracy, Designing a governance network , Hierarchical , Bureaucracy , Oligarchy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Transparency and accountability , Internet democracy , Secretariat
Burma, Freedom of expression , Hierarchical , Secretariat ,

C

Canada, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Freedom of expression , World Trade Organization , Codes , Deliberation in domestic politics , Submissions , Open consultations , Workshops , Follow-up , Consultations , Plenary
capacity building, Networks , Development , Open consultations , The First Meeting , Plenary sessions , CGI.br , Other organisations as models , Role , Development
cartoon, Cultural differences , Internet democracy
casino, Rules , Cultural differences ,
caucus, Stakeholder institutions
CCNSO, International , ICANN
CERT, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Hierarchy and open source software , , Internet governance as law , CGI.br
CGI.br, Regional initiatives , CGI.br , Democratic , Other organisations as models , Plenary , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Transparency
censorship, Technical and social architecture , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Architecture , Legitimacy , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Freedom of expression , Usenet , A new IGF
Chatham House, Transparency
China, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Freedom of expression , Development , The United Nations , Standards , The IGF as a meritocracy , e-democracy , WGIG , Enhanced cooperation , Open consultations , Advisory Group , Consultations , Network building , Development , Secretariat , Consociationalism and the IGF , A new IGF
Chris Disspain, Consultations , Consociationalism and the IGF
children, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Rules , Legitimacy , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Freedom of expression , Anarchy and the Internet , Plenary sessions , Democratic deliberation
Cisco, Freedom of expression , Network building
Citizendium, Hierarchy and open source software
citizens’ assembly, Deliberation in domestic politics , Democratic deliberation
citizens’ jury, Deliberation in domestic politics , Online deliberation , Conceptual criticisms , Democratic deliberation
Cleanfeed, Freedom of expression
click-wrap, Conflict of laws
co-regulation, Criticisms , Hierarchical , Co-regulation , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance
Coca-Cola, Introduction
coffee-houses, Deliberation in the public sphere
collaboration, Technical and social architecture , Governance mechanisms , W3C , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , ECOSOC , Civil society , Usenet , Wikipedia , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Participatory democracy , Deliberation in non-state entities , e-democracy , Online deliberation , Consensus between stakeholder groups , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Dynamic coalitions , Role , Recommendations , Recommendations , Consociationalism and the IGF , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Inclusion , e-democracy , e-democracy , Internet democracy , , Cultural differences , The IETF as a meritocracy , The First Meeting , Workshops , Network building , Inclusion
Commonwealth, National , Consumer rights , The European Union , International custom , Standards , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Direct versus representative , Participatory democracy , Deliberation in domestic politics
communism, Differences between legal systems , Ideological differences
see also socialism
communitarianism, Ideological differences , Democratic , Consensual , Consensus and culture
computers, The hacker ethos , The hacker ethos , Usenet , Online deliberation , Submissions , , Genesis of the Internet , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Architecture , ITU , Legitimacy , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Data protection and privacy rights , Designing a governance network , Usenet , Wikipedia , Hierarchy and open source software , Deliberation in domestic politics , Inclusion , e-democracy , Online deliberation , Digital deficits , Processes , CGI.br , Anarchistic
CONGO, Workshops , Other organisations as models , Nominating committee
consensus conference, Deliberation in domestic politics , Online deliberation , Democratic deliberation
confidentiality, Internet stability, security and cybercrime
consociation, The private sector , Consociationalism , Consensual deficits , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Other organisations as models , Consociationalism and the IGF , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Transparency , A new IGF
grand coalition, Consociationalism , Transparency
mutual veto, Consociationalism , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Consociationalism and the IGF , A consociational multi-stakeholder process
segmental autonomy, Consociationalism
constituencies, International , Governance mechanisms revisited , World Trade Organization , ICANN as an oligarchy , ICANN , Processes , Stakeholder institutions , CGI.br , Democratic , Other organisations as models , Plenary , Nominating committee , A consociational multi-stakeholder process
consortia, Legitimacy , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Development , e-democracy
consultation, Introduction , National , ITU , Legitimacy , World Trade Organization , The European Union , ECOSOC , International conventions , Criticisms , Co-regulation , Participatory democracy , Deliberation in domestic politics , e-democracy , Digital deficits , APNIC , Processes , Enhanced cooperation , IGF , Preparations , Submissions , Open consultations , Advisory Group , The First Meeting , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Remote participation , Dynamic coalitions , Follow-up , The Second Meeting , Consultations , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Remote participation , Regional initiatives , Hierarchical , Recommendations , Meta-governance , Development , Structure , Existing structures , Plenary , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Open consultations , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Open fora , Structural reform , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Processes , The UN multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation , Assessing consensus , Transparency , Accountability , Inclusion , e-democracy , A new IGF
convergence, ITU , Anarchistic Internet governance , An Internet governance forum , IGF , Submissions , Outcomes , Other proposals
copy-protection, Intellectual property rights (IPR)
copyright, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Norms , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Spillover effects , Anarchy and the Internet , Hierarchy and open source software , A new IGF
Consensus Polling, Online consensus
corporatism, The private sector
constitutions, National , Criticisms , The European Union , Civil society , Governments , Differences between legal systems , Cultural differences , Hierarchy and open source software , Democratic , Representation , Direct versus representative , Procedural versus substantive , Transnational democracy , Deliberation in the public sphere , Deliberation in non-state entities , Processes , Anchored in the international system , Autonomous transnational law , Role , Subsidiarity , Democratic deliberation , Accountability
cosmopolitanism, Technical and social architecture , Rules , Governance mechanisms revisited , Anarchistic Internet governance , Transnational democracy , Internet democracy , Consensus in Internet governance , Processes , A new IGF
Council of Europe, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , The European Union , Cultural differences , e-democracy , Submissions , Anarchistic , A new IGF
Creative Commons, Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Hierarchy and open source software
critical Internet resources, WGIG , Mandate , Global public policy and oversight , Enhanced cooperation , Advisory Group , The First Meeting , Follow-up , The Second Meeting , Anchored in the international system , Secretariat , Democratic deliberation , , Global public policy and oversight , Consultations , Plenary sessions , Recommendations , Meta-governance
crypto-anarchists, Anarchy and the Internet
cryptography, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , ITU , , ITU , Usenet
CS-IGC, Stakeholder institutions , Processes , The Internet Governance Forum , Submissions , Advisory Group , Follow-up , Consultations , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Other organisations as models , Development , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Democratic deliberation , Accountability
culture, The hacker ethos , Technical and social architecture , Governance mechanisms , Rules , Norms , Architecture , International , Criticisms , ITU , Governance mechanisms revisited , The European Union , Transnational law , Universality , Ideological differences , Cultural differences , Designing a governance network , Anarchy and the Internet , Deliberation in non-state entities , Transparency , Accountability , Criticisms , Consensus and culture , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Plan of Action , The IGF’s report card , Network building , Nominating committee , Democratic deliberation , e-democracy , A new IGF
cyber-stalking, Data protection and privacy rights
cybercrime, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Internet-related public policy issues , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Criticisms , Open consultations , Anarchistic , Hierarchical
cybersecurity, ITU , Internet stability, security and cybercrime
cyberspace, Introduction , Governance mechanisms , ITU , Governments , World Trade Organization , The new law merchant , Civil society , New medievalism , Governments , Civil society , Universality , Ideological differences , Cultural differences , Anarchistic Internet governance , Criticisms , Hierarchy and open source software , Transnational democracy , Consent , Deliberation in the public sphere , Internet democracy , Conceptual criticisms , Digital deficits , Consociationalism , Consensus in Internet governance , Criticisms , Consensus and culture , Consensual deficits , Plenary sessions , Processes , Assessing consensus , Internet democracy , , Governance mechanisms , Networks , The international system , Conflict of laws , Spillover effects , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Anarchistic , Anchored in the international system , Autonomous transnational law , The IGF’s report card
cyberlibertarianism, Internet democracy
cypherspace, Anarchy and the Internet

D

DARPA, Genesis of the Internet , Historical development , The inception of ICANN
DDoS, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , e-democracy
Debian, Hierarchy and open source software , Other organisations as models , Inclusion
decentralisation, Technical and social architecture , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Governance mechanisms revisited , Usenet , Anarchistic Internet governance , Consensus in Internet governance , The IGF’s report card , Subsidiarity , Processes , e-democracy , A new IGF
decision-making, Governance mechanisms , Internet governance as it was , Regime theory , World Trade Organization , The European Union , Limitations of international law , Governments , The IGF as a meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Democratic , Transnational democracy , Participatory democracy , Deliberative democracy , Deliberation in the public sphere , Deliberation in domestic politics , Deliberation in non-state entities , Online deliberation , Digital deficits , Political issues , Consensual , Consociationalism , Deliberative consensus , Offline consensus , Online consensus , Consensus in Internet governance , ICANN , APNIC , IETF , Consensus and culture , Consensual deficits , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , WSIS , Stakeholder institutions , Submissions , Open consultations , Plenary sessions , Policy-setting , Recommendations , Meta-governance , Structure , Plenary , Secretariat , Open consultations , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Processes , The UN multi-stakeholder process , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Consent , Democratic deliberation , Assessing consensus , Transparency , Accountability , e-democracy , A new IGF
decision-shaping, Deliberative democracy , Policy-setting , Transnational law , Meta-governance , Plenary
decision-taking, Policy-setting , Recommendations , Transnational law , Meta-governance , Plenary , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Accountability
Declaration of Principles, WSIS , Policy-setting , Meta-governance , , First phase , Declaration of Principles , Plan of Action , Mandate , Global public policy and oversight , Second phase , Regional initiatives , Recommendations
DeCSS, Intellectual property rights (IPR)
deliberative democracy, Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Democratic , Consent , Deliberative democracy , Deliberation in the public sphere , Deliberation in domestic politics , Deliberation in non-state entities , Transparency , Online deliberation , Criticisms , Conceptual criticisms , Digital deficits , Political issues , Consensual , Consociationalism , Deliberative consensus , Offline consensus , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Plenary , Consociationalism and the IGF , Consent , Democratic deliberation , Inclusion
Deliberative Poll, Deliberation in domestic politics , Online deliberation , Digital deficits , Offline consensus
democracy,
civic republicanism, Democratic , Deliberative democracy , Deliberation in the public sphere
cosmopolitan, Transnational democracy
direct, Representation , Direct versus representative , Filter versus mirror , Consent , Deliberative democracy , Deliberation in the public sphere , Inclusion , e-democracy , Internet democracy , Online deliberation , Conceptual criticisms , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Representation
liquid, Inclusion
participatory, Consent , Participatory democracy , Deliberative democracy , Deliberation in domestic politics , e-democracy , Meta-governance , Open consultations , A new IGF
procedural, Procedural versus substantive , Transnational democracy , Conceptual criticisms
protective, Procedural versus substantive
representative, Meritocracy , Direct versus representative , Filter versus mirror , Deliberative democracy , Deliberation in the public sphere , Deliberation in non-state entities , Conceptual criticisms , Digital deficits , Consensual , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Plenary
semi-democracy, Hybrid models
substantive, Procedural versus substantive , Deliberation in the public sphere , Development
demos, Oligarchy , Representation , Direct versus representative , Filter versus mirror , Transnational democracy , Consent , Deliberation in non-state entities , Inclusion , e-democracy , Political issues , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Representation
dialogue, Introduction , World Trade Organization , Cultural differences , Designing a governance network , Participatory democracy , Deliberative democracy , Deliberation in domestic politics , Deliberation in non-state entities , Consensual , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , IGF , Submissions , The Second Meeting , Consultations , Submissions , Other organisations as models , Network building , Plenary , Open fora , Democratic deliberation , Internet democracy , A new IGF
digital cryptography, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Deliberation in non-state entities , Consociationalism , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation , , ITU
digital democracy,A new IGF , Internet democracy , e-democracy , Democratic deliberation , Consent , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Nominating committee , Consociationalism and the IGF , Open consultations , Plenary , Meta-governance , Democratic , Submissions , Consensus and culture , Offline consensus , Consociationalism , Consensual , Online deliberation , Deliberation in domestic politics , Deliberative democracy ,
e-democracy, Inclusion , e-democracy , Inclusion
Internet democracy, Inclusion , Internet democracy , ICANN , Internet democracy
digital divide, Development , Democratic , Digital deficits , Open consultations , Plenary sessions , Development , Nominating committee
democratic polity, Oligarchy , Criticisms , Procedural versus substantive , Consent , Deliberative democracy , Transparency and accountability , Digital deficits , Political issues , Democratic
diplomacy, Soft law , Ideological differences , Meritocracy ,
discourse, Democratic , Procedural versus substantive , Deliberative democracy , Deliberation in the public sphere , Internet democracy , Conceptual criticisms , Political issues , ICANN , Coordination , Network building , Consent , Internet democracy
face-to-face, ITU , Internet democracy , Online deliberation , Digital deficits , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Inclusion , e-democracy , Internet democracy
discrimination, Conceptual criticisms
DMCA, Intellectual property rights (IPR)
DNS, Genesis of the Internet , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , The inception of ICANN , International , National , Criticisms , IETF , ITU , Internet-related public policy issues , Spam , Development , Governance mechanisms revisited , Standards , Spillover effects , Internet governance as law , Anarchistic Internet governance , Hybrid models in Internet governance , APNIC , WGIG , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , Consultations , Hierarchical , Subsidiarity , Consociationalism and the IGF , A new IGF
DNSSEC, IETF , Actors in international law , Soft law , Political issues , Plenary sessions , Recommendations , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation , Transparency ,
domain names,
2LDs, National
IDN, The First Meeting , Plenary sessions , Follow-up , A new IGF
see top-level domains
domestic law, The European Union , The private sector , The new law merchant , International custom , Codes , Limitations of international law , Civil society , Jurisdiction , Spillover effects , Differences between legal systems , Internet governance as law , Anarchy and the Internet , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Hierarchical , The IGF’s report card , A new IGF
DOT Force, Development
Drupal, Online deliberation , Remote participation

E

e-commerce, Markets , Internet governance as it was , ITU , Internet-related public policy issues , Consumer rights , e-commerce and e-government , Criticisms , e-democracy
e-government, Internet-related public policy issues , e-commerce and e-government , e-democracy , Plan of Action
eBay, The new law merchant , The IETF as a meritocracy , e-democracy
economics, International relations , Deliberation in non-state entities , e-democracy , Digital deficits , An Internet governance forum , IGF , Inclusion , e-democracy , Internet democracy , , The new law merchant , Private sector
EFF, Introduction , Technical and social architecture , Rules , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Data protection and privacy rights , Internet governance as law , ICANN as an oligarchy , Submissions , Other organisations as models
Egypt, Differences between legal systems , WSIS , IGF , Follow-up
El Salvador, Open consultations , Consultations
digital signatures, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , IETF
elitism, Conceptual criticisms
email, Genesis of the Internet , Technical and social architecture , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Norms , Markets , Historical development , IETF , ITU , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Spam , Data protection and privacy rights , Consumer rights , e-commerce and e-government , Criticisms , e-democracy , Online deliberation , Processes , Remote participation , Remote participation , Democratic , Internet democracy
empowerment, Hierarchy and open source software , Consent , Deliberation in the public sphere , Deliberation in non-state entities , Consensual deficits , WSIS
discussants, Plenary sessions
egalitarianism, Technical and social architecture , Plan of Action , , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Rules , Criticisms , Legitimacy , Ideological differences , Wikipedia , Anarchistic Internet governance , Hierarchy and open source software , Internet democracy , Consensual , Consensus in Internet governance , The IGF’s report card , Processes , A new IGF
enhanced cooperation, Internet-related public policy issues , Second phase , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , Plenary sessions , Other proposals , Hierarchical , Anchored in the international system , The need for further reform , Accountability , A new IGF
Esther Dyson, ICANN
Estonia, e-democracy
elections, International , Private sector , Filter versus mirror , Conceptual criticisms , , Legitimacy , Public policy governance , Freedom of expression , New medievalism , Conflict of laws , Wikipedia , Bureaucracy , ICANN as an oligarchy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Governments as a proxy for the meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Criticisms , Democratic , Deliberation in the public sphere , Accountability , Inclusion , e-democracy , Conceptual criticisms , Digital deficits , Consociationalism , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Advisory Group , Workshops , Follow-up , CGI.br , Other proposals , Hierarchical , Democratic , The need for further reform , Advisory Group , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Democratic deliberation , Transparency , Accountability , A new IGF
electoral college, CGI.br , Democratic
electorate, Direct versus representative , Procedural versus substantive , Democratic
estoppel, General principles of law
ethics, Governance mechanisms
ethos, The hacker ethos , Technical and social architecture , Governance mechanisms
etiquette, Rules , Norms , Ideological differences , Internet governance as law , Anarchistic
European Union, Internet-related public policy issues , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Spam , Consumer rights , Governments , World Trade Organization , The European Union , Governments , The IGF as an oligarchy , Co-regulation , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Deliberation in domestic politics , Consociationalism
co-decision, The European Union , Consociationalism
directive, ITU , Data protection and privacy rights , The European Union , Codes , Differences between legal systems , Co-regulation
exit-based empowerment, Hierarchy and open source software

F

facilitation, Networks , Transparency , Online deliberation , Digital deficits , Consensus and culture , Submissions , Dynamic coalitions , The IGF’s report card , Plenary , Democratic deliberation
fascism, Ideological differences
federalism, Spam , Data protection and privacy rights , Consumer rights , Development , The European Union , Codes , Governments , Conflict of laws , Spillover effects , Differences between legal systems , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Consociationalism , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Enhanced cooperation , Preparations , Dynamic coalitions , Follow-up , Consultations , Other organisations as models , Subsidiarity , Subsidiarity , Plenary , Consociationalism and the IGF , Nominating committee , A new IGF ,
file sharing, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Intellectual property rights (IPR)
Firefox, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Hierarchy and open source software
flaming, Development , The European Union , Civil society’s influence on international law , Digital deficits ,
FNC, Historical development , The inception of ICANN
encryption, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , ITU , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Spillover effects , Anarchy and the Internet
Forum doves, Submissions , Open consultations , Plenary sessions , Follow-up , Consultations , Submissions , Role , Recommendations , Plenary , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Consociationalism and the IGF , Multi-stakeholder bureau , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , A new IGF
environmentalism, World Trade Organization , The European Union , Civil society’s influence on international law , Civil society , Co-regulation
epistemology, Internet governance as law
France, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Freedom of expression , The United Nations , Civil society’s influence on international law , Governments , Dynamic coalitions , Follow-up , A new IGF
free beer, Hierarchy and open source software
free software,
see open source
freedom of expression, Freedom of expression , Open consultations , The First Meeting , Submissions , Dynamic coalitions , Network building
FSF, The hacker ethos , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Hierarchy and open source software
ethnicity, Consociationalism

G

G77, Open consultations , Advisory Group , Secretariat , Consociationalism and the IGF
G8, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Development , Governments
GAID, Other organisations as models , Development , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Nominating committee , The UN multi-stakeholder process
gambling, Rules , World Trade Organization
game theory, International relations , Anarchistic Internet governance , Criticisms
gender, World Trade Organization , Deliberation in the public sphere , Internet democracy , Stakeholder institutions , Processes , Nominating committee , Internet democracy
extraterritoriality, Jurisdiction
genocide, General principles of law
geography, Technical and social architecture , Governance mechanisms , International , Governments , Anarchistic Internet governance , Nominating committee
geolocation, Freedom of expression , Spillover effects
Germany, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , The United Nations , International custom , Deliberation in domestic politics , Follow-up
gerrymander, ICANN , Plenary
feudalism, Actors in international law , The new law merchant
GKP, Networks , Other organisations as models , Network building , Development , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Nominating committee
globalisation, Networks , International , Governance mechanisms revisited , The international system , International relations , Governments , Spillover effects , Hierarchy and open source software , Inclusion , e-democracy , ICANN , Processes , The Internet Governance Forum , Advisory Group , Plenary sessions , Hierarchical , Plenary , Multi-stakeholder bureau , , Actors in international law , New medievalism , Governments
GNU, Usenet , Hierarchy and open source software , Online deliberation
GONGO, Democratic
Google, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Markets , Freedom of expression , Data protection and privacy rights , e-democracy , Network building
governance network, Governance mechanisms revisited , The international system , Designing a governance network , Anarchistic , Anarchistic Internet governance , Criticisms , Hierarchical , Bureaucracy , The IGF as an oligarchy , Meritocracy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Governments as a proxy for the meritocracy , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Criticisms , Democratic , Transnational democracy , Consent , Deliberation in non-state entities , Accountability , Criticisms , Conceptual criticisms , Digital deficits , Political issues , Consensual , Consensus between stakeholder groups , Consociationalism , Consensus and culture , Consensus and rational choice , Consensual deficits , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Global public policy and oversight , Submissions , Dynamic coalitions , Anarchistic , Democratic , Consensual , Anchored in the international system , Autonomous transnational law , The need for further reform , The IGF’s report card , Other organisations as models , Role , Transnational law , Coordination , Network building , Structure , Plenary , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Consociationalism and the IGF , Multi-stakeholder bureau , The UN multi-stakeholder process , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Accountability , A new IGF
associative regulation, Governance mechanisms , Consensual
GPL, Hierarchy and open source software , Online deliberation
forestry, Consociationalism , Other organisations as models
grass-roots, Internet democracy
Green Paper, The inception of ICANN , Democratic
Greenpeace, Civil society’s influence on international law , Civil society , The IGF as a meritocracy
Grokster, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Intellectual property rights (IPR)
groupthink, Consensual deficits , A consociational multi-stakeholder process

H

Habermas, Democratic , Procedural versus substantive , Deliberative democracy , Deliberation in the public sphere , Accountability , Inclusion , e-democracy , Internet democracy , Conceptual criticisms , Consociationalism , Consensus and culture
Hadil da Rocha Vianna, Consultations
Hansard, e-democracy
Haolin Zhou, Introduction
harmonisation, e-commerce and e-government , Criticisms , Differences between legal systems , Hierarchical
hegemony, New medievalism , Civil society , Cultural differences , Internet governance as law , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Hierarchy and open source software , Transnational democracy , Consensus and culture , Anchored in the international system , Autonomous transnational law
heterarchy, Networks
hierarchy, Technical and social architecture , ITU , Designing a governance network , Anarchistic , Usenet , Wikipedia , Bureaucracy , The IGF as an oligarchy , Governments as a proxy for the meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Consensual , Subsidiarity
Hizb ut-Tahrir, Civil society , Cultural differences , Meritocracy , Conceptual criticisms , Recommendations ,
HTML, Standards bodies , Inclusiveness
human rights, Rules , International law , The United Nations , World Trade Organization , The European Union , Resolutions , Transnational law , Private sector , Ideological differences , Cultural differences , Democratic , Filter versus mirror , Consent , Deliberative democracy , Stakeholder institutions , Mandate , Submissions , Dynamic coalitions , Anarchistic , Development , A new IGF

I

I18N, Development
IAB, Historical development , The inception of ICANN , Current arrangements , International , Standards bodies , IETF , IETF , Other organisations as models , Nominating committee
IAHC, The inception of ICANN , Anarchistic Internet governance , Criticisms , Consociationalism and the IGF
IANA, Governance mechanisms , Historical development , Internet democracy , Accountability , , The inception of ICANN , International , National , Criticisms , World Trade Organization , Anarchistic Internet governance , Consociationalism and the IGF
IBM, Genesis of the Internet , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Governance mechanisms , Rules , Networks , Internet governance as it was , Standards development , ITU , Public policy governance , Data protection and privacy rights , Governance mechanisms revisited , New medievalism , Designing a governance network , Anarchistic , Usenet , Wikipedia , Anarchistic Internet governance , Criticisms , Hierarchical , Bureaucracy , The IGF as an oligarchy , Meritocracy , The IETF as a meritocracy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Hybrid models , Co-regulation , Governments as a proxy for the meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Criticisms , Democratic , Transparency and accountability , Accountability , Online deliberation , Criticisms , Conceptual criticisms , Consociationalism , Consensus in Internet governance , IETF , Consensus and culture , Consensual deficits , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Global public policy and oversight , Hierarchical , Consensual , Autonomous transnational law , The need for further reform , The IGF’s report card , Other organisations as models , Role , Structure , Advisory Group , Open consultations , Nominating committee , Democratic deliberation , A new IGF ,
ICANN, Introduction , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Networks , Technical coordination , The inception of ICANN , Current arrangements , International , Regional , National , Criticisms , Standards bodies , IETF , ITU , Legitimacy , Data protection and privacy rights , Development , Governance mechanisms revisited , Regime theory , Actors in international law , Governments , World Trade Organization , International custom , Cultural differences , Internet governance as law , Anarchistic Internet governance , Hierarchical , ICANN as an oligarchy , The IGF as an oligarchy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Hybrid models , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Governments as a proxy for the meritocracy , Criticisms , Accountability , Inclusion , Online deliberation , Political issues , Consensual , Online consensus , Consensus in Internet governance , ICANN , APNIC , IETF , Consensus and rational choice , Consensual deficits , WSIS , Processes , The stakeholder groups revisited , WGIG , Mandate , Global public policy and oversight , Enhanced cooperation , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Workshops , Plenary sessions , Workshops, open fora and best practices fora , Anarchistic , Hierarchical , Democratic , Consensual , Anchored in the international system , Autonomous transnational law , The need for further reform , The IGF’s report card , Other organisations as models , Recommendations , Coordination , Subsidiarity , Network building , Meta-governance , Plenary , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Consociationalism and the IGF , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Processes , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation , Assessing consensus , Transparency , Accountability , Inclusion , e-democracy , Internet democracy , A new IGF
ALAC, International , ICANN , The stakeholder groups revisited , Transparency , e-democracy
GAC, International , National , Criticisms , Governments , International custom , Internet governance as law , ICANN , The stakeholder groups revisited , Global public policy and oversight , Enhanced cooperation , Plenary sessions , Meta-governance , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Transparency , A new IGF
GNSO, International , Data protection and privacy rights , ICANN , The stakeholder groups revisited , Transparency
NRO, Regional , Open consultations , Submissions
PDP, ICANN , Assessing consensus
RALO, International , Regional , ICANN , Democratic , Workshops and dynamic coalitions
ICC, Historical development , The private sector , Civil society’s influence on international law , The IGF as an oligarchy , Stakeholder institutions , The Internet Governance Forum , Submissions , Open consultations , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Follow-up , Consultations , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Other organisations as models , Nominating committee , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation
ICPEN, Consumer rights , Other organisations as models
ICT4D, Networks
ideology, Ideological differences , Internet democracy
IEEE, Standards bodies
IESG, International , IETF , IETF , Nominating committee
IETF, Genesis of the Internet , Networks , Internet governance as it was , Historical development , The inception of ICANN , Current arrangements , International , Regional , Standards development , Standards bodies , IETF , W3C , ITU , Criticisms , Effectiveness , Inclusiveness , Legitimacy , Spam , Development , Standards , Spillover effects , Internet governance as law , The IETF as a meritocracy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Criticisms , Deliberation in non-state entities , Internet democracy , Consensual , Offline consensus , Consensus in Internet governance , IETF , Consensus and culture , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , The stakeholder groups revisited , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Dynamic coalitions , Anarchistic , Hierarchical , Autonomous transnational law , The IGF’s report card , Other organisations as models , Role , Recommendations , Subsidiarity , Meta-governance , Plenary , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Inclusion , e-democracy , A new IGF
IFWP, The hacker ethos , Genesis of the Internet , The inception of ICANN , Limitations of international law , Civil society , Universality , Ideological differences , Ideological differences , Cultural differences , Cultural differences , Usenet , The IETF as a meritocracy , Transnational democracy , Consent , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , , National , Criticisms , Hierarchical , Consociationalism and the IGF , A new IGF
hackers, The hacker ethos , Genesis of the Internet , Technical and social architecture , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Usenet , The IETF as a meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Transparency , Anarchistic
Hacker Ethic, Genesis of the Internet , Technical and social architecture , The IETF as a meritocracy
hacktivism, e-democracy
IGF,
Advisory Group, W3C , ITU , The IGF as a meritocracy , Political issues , The stakeholder groups revisited , Open consultations , Secretariat , Advisory Group , The First Meeting , Plenary sessions , Workshops , Remote participation , Outcomes , Follow-up , Consultations , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Dynamic coalitions , Regional initiatives , Other organisations as models , Role , Development , Existing structures , Plenary , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Open consultations , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Open fora , Structural reform , Consociationalism and the IGF , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , The UN multi-stakeholder process , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation , Assessing consensus , Transparency , Accountability , e-democracy , A new IGF
dynamic coalitions, Plenary sessions , Outcomes , Dynamic coalitions , Follow-up , The Second Meeting , Consultations , Submissions , Dynamic coalitions , Anchored in the international system , Network building , Structure , Existing structures , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Structural reform , Processes , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation , Assessing consensus , Accountability , e-democracy , Internet democracy , A new IGF
multi-stakeholder bureau, Open consultations , Consultations , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Structural reform , Consociationalism and the IGF , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Representation , The UN multi-stakeholder process , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation , Assessing consensus , Transparency , Accountability , e-democracy , A new IGF
open fora, Oligarchy , The IGF as an oligarchy , Dynamic coalitions , Other organisations as models , , Workshops, open fora and best practices fora , Existing structures , Open fora , Structural reform , Democratic deliberation , A new IGF
plenary body, Submissions , Plenary sessions , Dynamic coalitions , Structure , Plenary , Secretariat , Open consultations , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Open fora , Structural reform , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , The UN multi-stakeholder process , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Consent , Democratic deliberation , Assessing consensus , Transparency and accountability , Transparency , Accountability , e-democracy , Internet democracy , A new IGF
Secretariat, Online deliberation , Processes , IGF , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Plenary , Secretariat , Inclusion
IGP, Meta-governance , Secretariat , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Structural reform , e-democracy , Internet democracy
IIA, Co-regulation
ILO, Governments , The United Nations , International Labour Organization , The private sector , Codes , Consociationalism , Other organisations as models , Plenary
immigration, Norms
inclusiveness, Criticisms , Inclusiveness , World Trade Organization , Procedural versus substantive , The UN multi-stakeholder process
Incompatible Time-sharing System, Usenet
Incoterms, Codes , Internet governance as law , Transnational law
India, Transnational democracy , IGF , Follow-up
Intel, The hacker ethos , The inception of ICANN , Internet-related public policy issues , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Usenet
intellectual property, Norms , Architecture , The inception of ICANN , Criticisms , ITU , Internet-related public policy issues , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , World Trade Organization , Civil society’s influence on international law , Spillover effects , ICANN , The stakeholder groups revisited , Recommendations , Meta-governance , A new IGF
interactivity, Technical and social architecture , Legitimacy , Spillover effects , Follow-up , The IGF’s report card
interconnection costs, Development , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance
intermediaries, Spillover effects , Internet democracy
International Court of Justice, The United Nations , Hard law , Enforcement of international law , Differences between legal systems
international law, Governance mechanisms , Rules , The international system , International law and international relations , International law , International relations , Regime theory , Actors in international law , Governments , The United Nations , The new law merchant , Civil society , Civil society’s influence on international law , New medievalism , Sources of international law , Hard law , International conventions , International custom , General principles of law , Soft law , Resolutions , Codes , Standards , Private law , Transnational law , The legitimacy of authority , Governments , Jurisdiction , Enforcement of international law , Differences between legal systems , Cultural differences , Internet governance as law , Procedural versus substantive , Mandate , Hierarchical , Consensual , Anchored in the international system , The IGF’s report card
conflict of laws, Private law , Conflict of laws
conventions, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Hard law , International conventions , Cultural differences
customary, The new law merchant , Sources of international law , International custom , Soft law , Resolutions , Codes , Standards , Transnational law , Governments , Differences between legal systems , Cultural differences , Internet governance as law , WSIS
soft law, Rules , International Labour Organization , Sources of international law , Hard law , Soft law , Resolutions , Codes , Standards , Private law , Limitations of international law , Differences between legal systems , Cultural differences , Internet governance as law , Criticisms , Consensus between stakeholder groups , Consensual deficits , Mandate , The Internet Governance Forum , Anchored in the international system , Role , Recommendations , Consociationalism and the IGF , Internet democracy , A new IGF
treaties, Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Processes , Consultations , Policy-setting , , The United Nations , The European Union , The new law merchant , Sources of international law , International conventions , Soft law , Resolutions , Codes , Differences between legal systems , Cultural differences , The Internet Governance Forum , A new IGF
international relations, International law and international relations , International relations , Regime theory , Actors in international law , New medievalism , Sources of international law , Governments , Enforcement of international law , Consociationalism and the IGF
institutionalism, International relations , Civil society , Transnational democracy , A new IGF
neo-liberalism, International relations , Regime theory
realism, Markets , Governance mechanisms revisited , International relations , Open consultations , Plenary , Consociationalism and the IGF
Internet Bill of Rights, Dynamic coalitions , Anchored in the international system , Transnational law , Meta-governance
Internet governance,
public policy governance, Internet governance as it was , ITU , Public policy governance , Internet-related public policy issues , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Freedom of expression , Criticisms , Governance mechanisms revisited , The international system , World Trade Organization , The new law merchant , Transnational law , Jurisdiction , Internet governance as law , Designing a governance network , Criticisms , Transnational democracy , CGI.br , Anarchistic , Autonomous transnational law , The IGF’s report card , Other organisations as models , Structure , The UN multi-stakeholder process , A new IGF
standards development, Internet governance as it was , Standards development , Standards bodies , IETF , W3C , ITU , Inclusiveness , Legitimacy , Public policy governance , Governance mechanisms revisited , Standards , Internet governance as law , Mandate , The IGF’s report card , Other organisations as models , Coordination , Subsidiarity , Secretariat , Inclusion
technical coordination, Internet governance as it was , Technical coordination , Current arrangements , International , Regional , Criticisms , Legitimacy , Public policy governance , Governance mechanisms revisited , Internet governance as law , Mandate , CGI.br , The IGF’s report card , Other organisations as models , Subsidiarity , Inclusion
Internet naming and numbering,
see critical Internet resources
Internet separatism, Anarchistic
InterNIC, The inception of ICANN
interoperability, The First Meeting
Interpol, Internet stability, security and cybercrime
IP addresses, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Historical development , The inception of ICANN , Regional , Criticisms , Spam , Freedom of expression , Governance mechanisms revisited , Other organisations as models
IPv4, W3C , ITU , Governance mechanisms revisited , Governance mechanisms revisited ,
IPv6, APNIC
Iran, Enhanced cooperation , Consultations , A new IGF
Iraq, Enforcement of international law , Differences between legal systems , Cultural differences
IRC, Online deliberation , Digital deficits , e-democracy , Internet democracy
IRTF, Historical development , International , Spam , Autonomous transnational law
Islam, Transnational law , Limitations of international law , Universality , Differences between legal systems , Cultural differences
ISOC, Historical development , The inception of ICANN , Current arrangements , International , National , The IGF as an oligarchy , IETF , The Internet Governance Forum , Submissions , Open consultations , Plenary sessions , Workshops , Follow-up , Consultations , Autonomous transnational law , Other organisations as models , Recommendations , Development , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Internet democracy
ISP, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Markets , Regional , ITU , Legitimacy , Spam , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Freedom of expression , Data protection and privacy rights , Spillover effects , Co-regulation , ICANN , CGI.br , Anarchistic , A new IGF
ITAA, Follow-up , Submissions
Italy, Internet stability, security and cybercrime
ITU, The inception of ICANN , Standards development , Standards bodies , ITU , Spam , Development , The United Nations , The private sector , Standards , Internet governance as law , Criticisms , The IGF as an oligarchy , Deliberation in domestic politics , WSIS , WGIG , Mandate , Second phase , Enhanced cooperation , Preparations , Submissions , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Dynamic coalitions , Follow-up , Hierarchical , Other organisations as models , Network building , Democratic deliberation , A new IGF

J

Jabber, APNIC , Plenary , e-democracy
Japan, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , The United Nations , World Trade Organization , Differences between legal systems , Cultural differences , Plenary
John Perry Barlow, Introduction , The hacker ethos , New medievalism , Anarchy and the Internet , Anarchistic
Jon Postel, Historical development , The inception of ICANN
journalism, e-democracy
JPA, International , Anchored in the international system
JPEG, Standards bodies
JTC 1, Standards bodies
judiciary, Rules , The United Nations , Jurisdiction , Enforcement of international law
jurisdiction, Introduction , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Governance mechanisms , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Freedom of expression , e-commerce and e-government , Criticisms , The United Nations , The private sector , International conventions , General principles of law , Private law , Limitations of international law , Enforcement of international law , Conflict of laws , Spillover effects , Differences between legal systems , Hierarchy and open source software , Transnational democracy , e-democracy , Plenary sessions , Anarchistic , Hierarchical
jurisprudence, Cultural differences
jus cogens, General principles of law , Cultural differences
justice, New medievalism , Hard law , International custom , Ideological differences , Criticisms , Democratic , Procedural versus substantive , Consensus and culture , Accountability
Jyllands-Posten, Cultural differences

K

ISO, Standards bodies , ITU , Standards , Other organisations as models , Nominating committee
Karl Auerbach, ICANN as an oligarchy , Democratic
karma, The IETF as a meritocracy
Kazaa, Shaking the architecture’s foundations
Kazakhstan, Criticisms
Kofi Annan, Consensus and culture , WSIS
Korea, Introduction , Governance mechanisms , Public policy governance , Spam , The United Nations , New medievalism , Hard law , International custom , Differences between legal systems , Democratic , Deliberation in the public sphere , Transparency , Accountability , Accountability , , Cultural differences , Internet governance as law

L

landmines, Civil society
language, Data protection and privacy rights , Development , The new law merchant , Sources of international law , Ideological differences , Wikipedia , Criticisms , Hierarchy and open source software , Digital deficits , Consensus and culture , Processes , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , Open consultations , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Follow-up , Remote participation , Internet democracy
see also linguistics
law enforcement, The European Union
lawmaking, The new law merchant , New medievalism , Transnational law , Limitations of international law , Cultural differences
legalisation, The new law merchant , New medievalism , Sources of international law , Soft law
legislation, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Rules , Legitimacy , Spam , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , The European Union , New medievalism , International conventions , Codes , Standards , Differences between legal systems , Anarchistic Internet governance , Procedural versus substantive , Transparency , e-democracy , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Second phase
legitimacy, Introduction , The hacker ethos , Networks , Criticisms , Criticisms , Legitimacy , Governance mechanisms revisited , The international system , The new law merchant , New medievalism , Limitations of international law , The legitimacy of authority , Governments , Private sector , Civil society , Enforcement of international law , Internet governance as law , Criticisms , The IGF as a meritocracy , Governments as a proxy for the meritocracy , Criticisms , Democratic , Transnational democracy , Deliberative democracy , Transparency and accountability , Political issues , ICANN , Consensus and culture , Reform of Internet governance , The stakeholder groups revisited , Enhanced cooperation , Consultations , Hierarchical , Anchored in the international system , Autonomous transnational law , The need for further reform , The IGF’s report card , Role , Transnational law , Coordination , Network building , Meta-governance , Plenary , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Open consultations , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Structural reform , Consociationalism and the IGF , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Consent , Accountability , Internet democracy
lex informatica, Governance mechanisms
lex mercatoria,
see new law merchant
libel, Spillover effects
liberalism, International relations , Ideological differences , Cultural differences , Procedural versus substantive , Consensual
deontological, Deliberation in the public sphere
teleological, Ideological differences , Meritocracy , Procedural versus substantive
licensing, Internet-related public policy issues , Ideological differences , Cultural differences , Criticisms , Democratic , Procedural versus substantive , , Hierarchy and open source software
lifeworld, Anarchistic Internet governance , Deliberation in the public sphere , , Consensus and culture
Linus Torvalds, Anarchy and the Internet , Wikipedia , Hierarchy and open source software , Hierarchy and open source software ,
Linux, Hierarchy and open source software
kernel, Hierarchy and open source software , Deliberative democracy
literacy, Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Hierarchy and open source software , Digital deficits ,
libertarianism, Governance mechanisms , Public policy governance , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Spam , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , International custom , Governments , Spillover effects , Differences between legal systems , Ideological differences , Accountability , Transnational law , Accountability , , Democratic , Internet democracy , Consensus and culture
linguistics, Consensus and culture
lurkers, Conceptual criticisms

M

M Stuart Lynn, Governments as a proxy for the meritocracy , Democratic
mailing lists, Regional , IETF , APNIC , Stakeholder institutions , Processes , Remote participation , CGI.br , Autonomous transnational law , Plenary , Inclusion , e-democracy
majoritarian, Consociationalism
malware, Inclusion , Submissions ,
Marcus Kummer, Submissions , Recommendations , Secretariat
maritime, Standards , Hierarchical
Mark Shuttleworth, Hierarchy and open source software
markets, Governance mechanisms , Markets , Networks , Internet governance as it was , Technical coordination , ITU , Effectiveness , Public policy governance , Governance mechanisms revisited , The new law merchant , New medievalism , Private sector , Civil society , Anarchistic Internet governance , Co-regulation , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , e-democracy , ICANN , Consensus and rational choice , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Other proposals , Anarchistic , Hierarchical , The IGF’s report card , Other organisations as models , Role , Policy-setting , Transnational law , A new IGF
Marx, International relations , Civil society , Ideological differences
Maslow, Hierarchy and open source software
McDonalds, The IGF as a meritocracy
MediaWiki, Wikipedia , Online deliberation , Online consensus
mercatocracy, Civil society
meritocracy, Inclusiveness , Hierarchical , The IGF as an oligarchy , Meritocracy , The IETF as a meritocracy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Hybrid models , Governments as a proxy for the meritocracy , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Criticisms , Consociationalism , IETF , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Advisory Group
meta-governance, Follow-up , Coordination , Subsidiarity , Meta-governance , Open fora
metadata, e-democracy
metatags, Genesis of the Internet , Legitimacy , The United Nations , Spillover effects , Differences between legal systems , Hierarchical , Bureaucracy , The IETF as a meritocracy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Transparency , First phase , Transnational law , A new IGF ,
Microsoft, IETF , Anarchistic Internet governance , The IETF as a meritocracy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Hybrid models , Governments as a proxy for the meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Consociationalism , Consensual deficits , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Advisory Group , , ITU , Spam , Freedom of expression , Data protection and privacy rights , Governance mechanisms revisited , Spillover effects , The IGF as a meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Deliberation in non-state entities , Remote participation , Network building , Workshops and dynamic coalitions
Windows, Hierarchy and open source software , Remote participation
minorities, Civil society , Ideological differences , Democratic , Filter versus mirror , Digital deficits , Consensual deficits , Consociationalism and the IGF
moderation, Wikipedia , The IETF as a meritocracy , , Online deliberation , Digital deficits , Submissions , Remote participation , Democratic deliberation
minarchism, Hierarchy and open source software , Democratic , Democratic deliberation ,
monopolist, National , Consensus and rational choice
monopoly, The inception of ICANN , National , Criticisms , Freedom of expression , Governments
MOU, Networks , Usenet , Usenet , Participatory democracy , Deliberation in domestic politics , Online deliberation , Online deliberation , Conceptual criticisms , Digital deficits , Online consensus , Open consultations , Plenary sessions , Plenary sessions , Remote participation , Follow-up , The Second Meeting , Plenary sessions , Meta-governance , Consociationalism and the IGF , Democratic deliberation , Democratic deliberation , e-democracy , e-democracy , Internet democracy , Internet democracy , A new IGF , , The inception of ICANN , International , The private sector , Dynamic coalitions
MoveOn.org, e-democracy
Mozilla, Hierarchy and open source software
MP3, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Spillover effects
MPAA, Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Workshops and dynamic coalitions
MPEG, Standards bodies , Remote participation
Muhammad, Cultural differences
multilateral, Introduction , Spam , Governments , World Trade Organization , International conventions , Conflict of laws , Internet governance as law , Transnational democracy , Internet democracy , Processes , Declaration of Principles , Mandate , Global public policy and oversight , Second phase , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , Network building , Meta-governance , The UN multi-stakeholder process

N

lawyers, Rules , Actors in international law , Sources of international law , Usenet , e-democracy
Napster, Shaking the architecture’s foundations
NATO, Governments
negotiation, Internet-related public policy issues , Anarchistic Internet governance , , World Trade Organization , The new law merchant , Civil society’s influence on international law , Spillover effects , WSIS , Processes , WGIG , Second phase , Enhanced cooperation , Open consultations , Plenary sessions , Follow-up , Recommendations , Meta-governance , Transparency , Internet democracy
net neutrality, Technical and social architecture
Netherlands, International custom , Governments , Deliberation in domestic politics , Digital deficits
netiquette, Norms , Civil society , The UN multi-stakeholder process , , Anarchistic
Netscape, ITU , Governance mechanisms revisited , Hierarchy and open source software
multi-multilateralism, Transnational democracy
networks,
bottom–up, The inception of ICANN , Designing a governance network , The IETF as a meritocracy , Accountability , APNIC , Mandate , Enhanced cooperation , Submissions , Open consultations , Regional initiatives , Democratic , Consociationalism and the IGF , Processes , Accountability , A new IGF
middle–out, Designing a governance network
top–down, Designing a governance network , Hierarchical , ICANN as an oligarchy , Accountability , ICANN , Plenary , Accountability
see governance network
New Haven, International law , International custom , Transnational law
new law merchant, The new law merchant , International custom , Transnational law , Internet governance as law , Transnational democracy , Transnational law
new medievalism, Actors in international law , Sources of international law
New Zealand, Consumer rights , Deliberation in domestic politics , WGIG
newsgroups,
see Usenet
newspaper, Cultural differences
NFSNET, Genesis of the Internet , The inception of ICANN , Data protection and privacy rights , Governance mechanisms revisited , Civil society’s influence on international law , The Internet Governance Forum , Outcomes , Follow-up , Consultations , Recommendations , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Transparency ,
Nicaragua, International custom , Resolutions
lobbying, The private sector , Civil society , e-democracy , Accountability
Nippon Keidanren, Regional initiatives
Nitin Desai, Political issues , Processes , Enhanced cooperation , Open consultations , Secretariat , Follow-up , Consultations , Dynamic coalitions , Regional initiatives , Plenary , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Open consultations , Nominating committee , Democratic deliberation , Accountability , e-democracy
nominating committee, International , Consociationalism , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Processes , Representation , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Accountability , A new IGF
Nominet, Submissions , Secretariat , Regional initiatives , Accountability , A new IGF
Norway, Genesis of the Internet
NSF, Genesis of the Internet , The inception of ICANN , Designing a governance network
NSI, The inception of ICANN , National , Standards bodies , Anarchistic Internet governance , Consociationalism and the IGF
NTIA, The inception of ICANN , Current arrangements , International , National , Criticisms , IETF , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Global public policy and oversight , Enhanced cooperation , Democratic , Anchored in the international system , Meta-governance , Consociationalism and the IGF

O

Objectivism, Effectiveness , Meritocracy ,
OCDC, Remote participation
OECD, Networks , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Spam , Data protection and privacy rights , Consumer rights , Governments , The private sector , Internet governance as law , Participatory democracy , Second phase , The Internet Governance Forum , Submissions , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Dynamic coalitions , Other organisations as models , Coordination , A new IGF
oligarchy, Wikipedia , Hierarchical , , Bureaucracy , Oligarchy , ICANN as an oligarchy , The IGF as an oligarchy , Meritocracy , The IETF as a meritocracy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Criticisms , Democratic , Transparency and accountability , ICANN , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Transparency and accountability
Ombudsman, International , The European Union , Co-regulation
open consultation, Processes , Open consultations , Advisory Group , Submissions , Dynamic coalitions , Follow-up , Consultations , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Remote participation , Regional initiatives , Meta-governance , Development , Existing structures , Plenary , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Open consultations , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Structural reform , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Democratic deliberation , Assessing consensus , Transparency , Accountability , e-democracy , A new IGF
open source, The hacker ethos , Spam , Anarchy and the Internet , Wikipedia , Governments as a proxy for the meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Criticisms , Consent , e-democracy , Internet democracy , Online deliberation , Digital deficits , Online consensus , Consensual deficits , Multi-stakeholder public policy development
Cathedral and Bazaar, Hierarchy and open source software
copyleft, Hierarchy and open source software
fork, Hierarchy and open source software , Online deliberation
OpenCourseWare, Hierarchy and open source software
openness, Technical and social architecture , Criticisms , Criticisms , Legitimacy , Anarchistic Internet governance , Hierarchy and open source software , Consensus in Internet governance , Submissions , Plenary sessions , The Second Meeting , Dynamic coalitions , Regional initiatives , Democratic , The IGF’s report card , Processes , The UN multi-stakeholder process , Consent , A new IGF
OpenOffice.org, Hierarchy and open source software , Digital deficits
opinio juris, International custom , Resolutions , Transnational law
ORDIG, Regional initiatives
OSI, Genesis of the Internet , Internet governance as it was , ITU
MNCs, The private sector , Private sector
oversight, Historical development , The inception of ICANN , Current arrangements , ITU , Internet-related public policy issues , The United Nations , The European Union , Governments , Wikipedia , Co-regulation , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Accountability , WGIG , Mandate , Global public policy and oversight , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , Submissions , CGI.br , Anarchistic , Anchored in the international system , The need for further reform , The IGF’s report card , Other organisations as models , Role , Recommendations , Coordination , Meta-governance , Plenary , Consociationalism and the IGF , Accountability , A new IGF

P

P2P, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Intellectual property rights (IPR)
P3P, Data protection and privacy rights
ontology, Ideological differences , Meritocracy , The IETF as a meritocracy , Procedural versus substantive
Pakistan, WGIG , Plenary sessions
Pareto, IETF , The United Nations , Private sector , Accountability , , Filter versus mirror
parliament, The United Nations , The European Union , Transnational democracy , Consent , Deliberation in the public sphere , Transparency , Accountability , Inclusion , e-democracy , Internet democracy , Consociationalism , Policy-setting , Meta-governance , Representation
partnership, Networks , Accountability , Political issues , Stakeholder institutions , Declaration of Principles , Hierarchical , A new IGF
Paul Twomey, Processes
peace, Actors in international law , The United Nations , Civil society’s influence on international law , Civil society , Ideological differences , The IGF as a meritocracy , A new IGF
multiculturalism, Cultural differences , Digital deficits , Consensus and culture
peer production, Hierarchy and open source software
peer-to-peer, Technical and social architecture , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Designing a governance network , Accountability , Accountability
multilingualism, Internet-related public policy issues , Development , Digital deficits , Declaration of Principles , Open consultations , The First Meeting , Submissions , Meta-governance
Perl, Hierarchy and open source software
petition, The inception of ICANN , International , National , Criticisms , Inclusiveness , New medievalism , Standards , Governments , Civil society , Differences between legal systems , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Direct versus representative , e-democracy , Hierarchical , Democratic , Network building , Meta-governance , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Consociationalism and the IGF , Democratic deliberation , Accountability , Internet democracy
Pfizer, The private sector
PGP, ITU , Effectiveness
pharmaceutical, The private sector , Civil society’s influence on international law
philosophy, Anarchistic , Usenet , Hierarchy and open source software , Democratic
phishing, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , The First Meeting , Submissions
phreaking, The hacker ethos
PICS, Legitimacy , Freedom of expression , A new IGF
piracy, The new law merchant , General principles of law , Transnational law ,
plebiscite, New medievalism , Hierarchy and open source software , Direct versus representative , Deliberation in domestic politics , Online deliberation , Conceptual criticisms , Digital deficits , Offline consensus , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Democratic deliberation , Internet democracy ,
plenary sessions, Deliberation in domestic politics , First phase , Submissions , Advisory Group , Plenary sessions , Workshops , Remote participation , Follow-up , Plenary sessions , Dynamic coalitions , Remote participation , Open fora , Structural reform , Consent , Democratic deliberation , Accountability , e-democracy , Internet democracy , A new IGF
see also IGF
pluralism, International relations , New medievalism , Civil society , Transnational democracy , Democratic deliberation
plutocracy, Meritocracy
patents, Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Usenet
policy-making, Governance mechanisms revisited , The legitimacy of authority , Reform of Internet governance , Submissions , Open consultations , Submissions , Democratic , The UN multi-stakeholder process , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Accountability
politics, Technical and social architecture , International relations , New medievalism , Standards , Civil society , Cultural differences , Hierarchical , e-democracy , Internet democracy , Recommendations , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , A new IGF
polycentric, Anarchistic
populism, Filter versus mirror , Deliberative democracy
pornography, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Transnational democracy , e-democracy , Political issues , Consensual , Consociationalism , Criticisms , Consensus and culture , The IGF’s report card , Consent , Democratic deliberation , Accountability , , Rules , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Freedom of expression , Anarchy and the Internet , Plenary sessions
PrepCom, WSIS , Processes , Stakeholder institutions , Plan of Action , Global public policy and oversight , Second phase , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , Democratic deliberation , Internet democracy
prisoner’s dilemma, Spillover effects Criticisms
privacy, Technical and social architecture , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Markets , Architecture , Criticisms , Internet-related public policy issues , Data protection and privacy rights , Criticisms , Conceptual criticisms , Open consultations , The First Meeting , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Hierarchical , Autonomous transnational law , Meta-governance
Safe Harbor, Data protection and privacy rights
positivism, Rules , International law , The legitimacy of authority
programming, Hierarchy and open source software
proportional representation, Deliberative democracy , Deliberation in domestic politics , Consociationalism , Recommendations , Nominating committee
psychology, The hacker ethos , Consensual , The Second Meeting , Workshops, open fora and best practices fora , Meta-governance , Plenary , Open fora , e-democracy ,
PTT, ITU
public–private, Networks , Accountability
publicity, Remote participation

Q

Quakers, Offline consensus
protocols, Introduction , Genesis of the Internet , Technical and social architecture , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Historical development , The inception of ICANN , W3C , ITU , Legitimacy , Spam , Data protection and privacy rights , Governance mechanisms revisited , New medievalism , Soft law , Online deliberation , Role , Meta-governance , Workshops and dynamic coalitions
application layer, Genesis of the Internet , Technical and social architecture , Anarchistic
FTP, Genesis of the Internet , ITU
HTTP, Genesis of the Internet , Hierarchy and open source software
SIP, Governments ITU
SMTP, Genesis of the Internet , Technical and social architecture , ITU
SNMP, ITU
TLS, ITU
Queensland, Regional , Internet governance as law , e-democracy
quorum, Accountability

R

rapporteur, Hard law , Remote participation , e-democracy , , Internet democracy
rational choice, Criticisms , Deliberative democracy
RDF, Freedom of expression
random selection, Deliberation in domestic politics , Accountability
reciprocity, Enforcement of international law , Cultural differences
recommendations, The inception of ICANN , National , Spam , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Data protection and privacy rights , The United Nations , Codes , Differences between legal systems , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Deliberation in domestic politics , Mandate , An Internet governance forum , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , IGF , Submissions , Open consultations , Plenary sessions , Follow-up , Consultations , Submissions , Dynamic coalitions , CGI.br , Democratic , Anchored in the international system , Autonomous transnational law , The need for further reform , Policy-setting , Recommendations , Transnational law , Coordination , Subsidiarity , Meta-governance , Plenary , Advisory Group , Open consultations , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Structural reform , Consociationalism and the IGF , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Representation , The UN multi-stakeholder process , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Consent , Democratic deliberation , Assessing consensus , Transparency , Accountability , A new IGF
referenda, e-democracy
regime theory, International relations , Regime theory , Enforcement of international law , Internet governance as law , Transnational democracy
oligopoly, Private sector
regionalisation, Transnational democracy , Consent , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Accountability ,
registries, Technical coordination , The inception of ICANN , Current arrangements , Regional , National , Criticisms , ITU , Data protection and privacy rights , Governance mechanisms revisited , ICANN , Consensus and rational choice , CGI.br , Accountability
regulation, Introduction , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Governance mechanisms , Rules , Architecture , Internet governance as it was , National , Freedom of expression , Criticisms , Governance mechanisms revisited , The European Union , The new law merchant , Soft law , Codes , Standards , Conflict of laws , Spillover effects , Cultural differences , Anarchy and the Internet , Anarchistic Internet governance , Criticisms , Hierarchical , Co-regulation , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Transparency , Political issues , Mandate , Global public policy and oversight , CGI.br , Anarchistic , Hierarchical , Consensual , Autonomous transnational law , Other organisations as models , Subsidiarity , Network building , A new IGF
regulatory competition, Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Accountability
relativism, Cultural differences
religion, Cultural differences
passwords, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Usenet
remote participation, ICANN , Remote participation , Remote participation , Open consultations , Inclusion
see also digital democracy
asynchronous discussion, Online deliberation , Remote participation , e-democracy , Internet democracy
synchronous discussion, Online deliberation , Remote participation , Plenary , e-democracy , Internet democracy
representativeness, National , Consensus and culture , , The legitimacy of authority , Civil society , Democratic
reputation, Freedom of expression , Differences between legal systems , Cultural differences , Consociationalism , , Enforcement of international law , The IETF as a meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Plenary sessions
Playerep, The IETF as a meritocracy
resilience, Technical and social architecture , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Architecture , Legitimacy , Wikipedia , The IGF’s report card
respective roles, Introduction , Internet governance as it was , Regime theory , Mandate , Global public policy and oversight , Second phase , Enhanced cooperation , Anchored in the international system
RFC, The hacker ethos , Genesis of the Internet , Norms , Historical development , The inception of ICANN , Current arrangements , International , IETF , W3C , ITU , Inclusiveness , IETF , Autonomous transnational law
RIAA, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Intellectual property rights (IPR)
Richard M Stallman, The hacker ethos , Usenet
riots, Cultural differences
RIPE NCC, Regional
root servers, International , Internet-related public policy issues , Standards , WGIG , Consultations
Ross Perot, e-democracy
rough consensus, The inception of ICANN , National , Criticisms , Designing a governance network , Anarchistic Internet governance , , Wikipedia , Anarchistic Internet governance , Consociationalism , IETF , Consensus and culture , Consensual deficits , Submissions , Advisory Group , Plenary sessions , Autonomous transnational law , Recommendations , Plenary , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Consociationalism and the IGF , Multi-stakeholder bureau , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation
routing, Genesis of the Internet , Technical and social architecture , Designing a governance network , APNIC
packet-switched, Genesis of the Internet
RSS, Governance mechanisms , National , ITU , Data protection and privacy rights , e-commerce and e-government , Governance mechanisms revisited , The private sector , Private sector , Spillover effects , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Criticisms , Consensus between stakeholder groups , Anarchistic , e-democracy , A new IGF ,
rule of law, Norms , International relations , Civil society , Democratic , Procedural versus substantive , Transnational democracy , Accountability , Workshops and dynamic coalitions
rule-making, Internet governance as it was , The legitimacy of authority , Coordination
running code, Autonomous transnational law , Transnational law
Russia, ITU , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , , Development , The United Nations , Spillover effects , Differences between legal systems , Enhanced cooperation , The First Meeting , Follow-up , Consultations

S

Saudi Arabia, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Transnational law , Global public policy and oversight , Other organisations as models , Role , Policy-setting , Recommendations , Transnational law , Coordination , Subsidiarity , Meta-governance , Development , Structure , Plenary , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Consent , Accountability , e-democracy , A new IGF , , Freedom of expression , Development , Differences between legal systems , Cultural differences , Submissions
scalability, Internet democracy
Security Council, The United Nations , Civil society , International custom , Governments , Enforcement of international law , Transnational democracy , Enhanced cooperation
self-actualisation, Hierarchy and open source software
self-determination, Democratic
self-governance, Governance mechanisms , Inclusion , Anarchistic
SenderID, Effectiveness , Spam
separation of powers, New medievalism , Democratic , Procedural versus substantive , Accountability , Structure , Accountability
Serbia, Internet governance as law
postmodernism, International relations , New medievalism , , Transnational democracy , Conceptual criticisms
poststructuralism, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Governance mechanisms , Rules , IETF , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Governance mechanisms revisited , International law and international relations , International law , International relations , International relations , Governments , World Trade Organization , The private sector , Civil society , New medievalism , Governments , Civil society , Ideological differences , Cultural differences , Anarchistic , The IGF as an oligarchy , Meritocracy , Democratic , Representation , Direct versus representative , Filter versus mirror , Filter versus mirror , Procedural versus substantive , Transnational democracy , Participatory democracy , Deliberation in the public sphere , Deliberation in domestic politics , Deliberation in non-state entities , Accountability , Inclusion , e-democracy , Internet democracy , Criticisms , Digital deficits , Consensual , Consociationalism , Deliberative consensus , Consensus and culture , Enhanced cooperation , Plenary sessions , Follow-up , Consultations , The need for further reform , The IGF’s report card , Coordination , Meta-governance , Secretariat , Consociationalism and the IGF , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Assessing consensus , Accountability , Internet democracy , A new IGF ,
sexism, The hacker ethos
SGML, Standards bodies
Sharia, Differences between legal systems , Cultural differences
SIGs, Regional , APNIC , IETF , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , A consociational multi-stakeholder process
Singapore, World Trade Organization
registrars, The inception of ICANN , Governments , Direct versus representative , Deliberation in domestic politics , , National , Criticisms , Consumer rights , Spillover effects , Anarchistic Internet governance , ICANN , Consensus and rational choice
Skype, Online deliberation
Slashdot, Wikipedia , The IETF as a meritocracy
slavery, Civil society’s influence on international law , General principles of law
social capital, Hierarchy and open source software , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Consent , Consensual deficits , The need for further reform , Network building , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation , Transparency , Accountability
socialism, Ideological differences
bourgeoisie, Civil society , Meritocracy
societies, Civil society , New medievalism , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , , Private sector , Transnational democracy
sociology, Civil society , Civil society , Differences between legal systems , Representation ,
sexuality, Introduction , The new law merchant , , Anarchy and the Internet , Filter versus mirror
homosexuality, Filter versus mirror
software, The hacker ethos , Governance mechanisms , Anarchistic Internet governance , Co-regulation , Mandate , Autonomous transnational law , , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Historical development , IETF , W3C , ITU , Legitimacy , Internet-related public policy issues , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Spam , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Freedom of expression , Data protection and privacy rights , Wikipedia , Governments as a proxy for the meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Criticisms , Consent , e-democracy , Internet democracy , Online deliberation , Digital deficits , Online consensus , APNIC , Consensual deficits , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , CGI.br , Other organisations as models , Plenary , Internet democracy
compatibility, Governance mechanisms revisited , Designing a governance network , Anarchy and the Internet , Plenary sessions
Samba, Hierarchy and open source software
SMF, Online deliberation , Remote participation , e-democracy
stet, Online deliberation
self-regulation, Freedom of expression , Consumer rights , Spillover effects , Anarchistic Internet governance , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Submissions
Somalia, Civil society
sovereignty, The hacker ethos , Hierarchy and open source software , , International law , Actors in international law , The European Union , New medievalism , Soft law , Private law , Governments , Civil society , Spillover effects , Ideological differences , Anarchistic Internet governance , Deliberative democracy , Internet democracy , Conceptual criticisms , Political issues , Consociationalism and the IGF , A new IGF
spam, Introduction , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Hierarchy and open source software , , Norms , Markets , Networks , IETF , ITU , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Spam , Criticisms , Governance mechanisms revisited , Spillover effects , Usenet , Anarchistic Internet governance , Political issues , Plan of Action , Second phase , Open consultations , The First Meeting , Submissions , Anarchistic , Autonomous transnational law , A new IGF
Spam Assassin, Spam
StopSpamAlliance, Dynamic coalitions
special advisors, Advisory Group
spillover effects, Spillover effects
SPINs, Anarchistic
RIRs, The inception of ICANN , Regional , Governance mechanisms revisited , ICANN , APNIC , Enhanced cooperation , Workshops , Coordination
SquareTrade, The new law merchant
stakeholders,
civil society, Introduction , Networks , Internet governance as it was , National , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Spam , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Data protection and privacy rights , Consumer rights , Development , The international system , International relations , Regime theory , Actors in international law , World Trade Organization , International Labour Organization , The European Union , Civil society , Civil society’s influence on international law , New medievalism , Governments , Civil society , Ideological differences , Internet governance as law , Designing a governance network , Criticisms , Bureaucracy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Co-regulation , Hierarchy and open source software , Criticisms , Direct versus representative , Transnational democracy , Participatory democracy , Deliberation in the public sphere , Deliberation in domestic politics , Deliberation in non-state entities , Transparency , Accountability , e-democracy , Internet democracy , Political issues , Consociationalism , Offline consensus , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , WSIS , Processes , Stakeholder institutions , Declaration of Principles , The stakeholder groups revisited , Mandate , Global public policy and oversight , Second phase , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , Preparations , Submissions , Advisory Group , The First Meeting , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Workshops , Remote participation , Follow-up , Consultations , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Regional initiatives , CGI.br , Hierarchical , Anchored in the international system , Role , Recommendations , Network building , Meta-governance , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Consociationalism and the IGF , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Processes , The UN multi-stakeholder process , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation , Transparency , e-democracy , A new IGF
governments, Introduction , Technical and social architecture , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Governance mechanisms , Networks , The inception of ICANN , International , Criticisms , ITU , Legitimacy , Internet-related public policy issues , Governance mechanisms revisited , Actors in international law , The United Nations , International Labour Organization , The European Union , The private sector , The new law merchant , Civil society’s influence on international law , New medievalism , Standards , Transnational law , The legitimacy of authority , Civil society , Internet governance as law , Designing a governance network , Anarchy and the Internet , Criticisms , Bureaucracy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Governments as a proxy for the meritocracy , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Criticisms , Transnational democracy , Consent , Participatory democracy , Deliberation in the public sphere , Transparency , Accountability , e-democracy , Internet democracy , Online deliberation , Conceptual criticisms , Digital deficits , Political issues , Consensual , Consensus between stakeholder groups , Consociationalism , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , WSIS , Processes , Declaration of Principles , The stakeholder groups revisited , Plan of Action , WGIG , Mandate , Second phase , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , IGF , Preparations , Submissions , Open consultations , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Follow-up , Anarchistic , Hierarchical , Anchored in the international system , Autonomous transnational law , Role , Recommendations , Network building , Meta-governance , Plenary , Secretariat , Consociationalism and the IGF , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Processes , The UN multi-stakeholder process , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Transparency , e-democracy , A new IGF
intergovernmental organisations, Networks , The inception of ICANN , International , Public policy governance , Criticisms , Actors in international law , Governments , The United Nations , International Labour Organization , The private sector , The new law merchant , Governments , Civil society , e-democracy , The stakeholder groups revisited , Mandate , Policy-setting , Coordination , e-democracy
private sector, Introduction , Governance mechanisms , Networks , Internet governance as it was , The inception of ICANN , National , Standards bodies , ITU , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Spam , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Freedom of expression , Data protection and privacy rights , Consumer rights , Development , Regime theory , International Labour Organization , The private sector , The new law merchant , Civil society , Civil society’s influence on international law , New medievalism , Soft law , Codes , Private law , The legitimacy of authority , Private sector , Civil society , Internet governance as law , Designing a governance network , Criticisms , Bureaucracy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Co-regulation , Anarchistic–hierarchical Internet governance , Direct versus representative , Transnational democracy , Participatory democracy , Deliberation in non-state entities , e-democracy , Digital deficits , Consociationalism , Offline consensus , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , WSIS , Processes , Stakeholder institutions , Declaration of Principles , The stakeholder groups revisited , Mandate , Global public policy and oversight , Second phase , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , Preparations , Submissions , Open consultations , Advisory Group , The First Meeting , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Workshops , Consultations , Regional initiatives , CGI.br , Anarchistic , Hierarchical , Democratic , Anchored in the international system , Autonomous transnational law , The IGF’s report card , Role , Recommendations , Network building , Meta-governance , Plenary , Advisory Group , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Consociationalism and the IGF , Nominating committee , Processes , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Transparency , A new IGF
standardisation, Governance mechanisms , Standards bodies , , IETF
Internet standards, The hacker ethos , Genesis of the Internet , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Historical development , The inception of ICANN , Standards development , Standards bodies , IETF , ITU , Effectiveness , Inclusiveness , Standards , Internet governance as law , Transnational law , e-democracy
subsidiarity, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Differences between legal systems , Cultural differences , Transnational democracy , Coordination , Subsidiarity , Multi-stakeholder bureau , The UN multi-stakeholder process , A consociational multi-stakeholder process
Sudan, Digital deficits
Sun Microsystems, Hierarchy and open source software , Digital deficits
supermajority, Offline consensus
superpower, Enhanced cooperation
Sweden, IETF , Civil society’s influence on international law , Direct versus representative
Switzerland, Direct versus representative , Follow-up
Symantec, Spam
Syria, Freedom of expression , Differences between legal systems

T

registrants, The inception of ICANN , Criticisms , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Data protection and privacy rights , Consensus and rational choice
Taiwan, Spam
taxation, Markets , The private sector , The new law merchant , Co-regulation , , The legitimacy of authority , Anarchy and the Internet , Procedural versus substantive , Deliberative democracy , The IGF’s report card
technocracy, Networks , Meritocracy , The IETF as a meritocracy
technology, Introduction , Genesis of the Internet , Governance mechanisms , Markets , Networks , ITU , Legitimacy , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Freedom of expression , Development , e-commerce and e-government , New medievalism , Spillover effects , Usenet , e-democracy , Internet democracy , Online deliberation , Digital deficits , Other organisations as models , e-democracy
telecentres, Digital deficits
telegraph, ITU
telephony, Governance mechanisms , Standards development , Standards bodies , ITU , Development , Criticisms , A new IGF
circuit-switched, Genesis of the Internet
PSTN, Governance mechanisms
television, Freedom of expression , e-democracy
telex, ITU
Telstra, The inception of ICANN , ITU , Multi-stakeholder bureau
Thailand, Spam , Deliberation in domestic politics , e-democracy ,
Tim Berners-Lee, W3C , Internet democracy
TIO, Co-regulation
territoriality, Introduction , The hacker ethos , Genesis of the Internet , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Governance mechanisms , Norms , ITU , Data protection and privacy rights , Actors in international law , , New medievalism , Governments , Jurisdiction , Conflict of laws , Spillover effects , Ideological differences , Anarchistic Internet governance , Transnational democracy , Consociationalism
top-level domains, The inception of ICANN
ccTLDs, International , National , Criticisms , IETF , ITU , Internet-related public policy issues , Data protection and privacy rights , Internet governance as law , Hybrid models in Internet governance , ICANN , Enhanced cooperation , Workshops , CGI.br , Accountability , A new IGF
gTLDs, The inception of ICANN
Tor, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Anarchy and the Internet , Hierarchy and open source software
tort, General principles of law , Conflict of laws , Spillover effects , Democratic
translation, Plenary sessions
transnational law, International law , Private law , Transnational law , Spillover effects , Universality , Differences between legal systems , Cultural differences , Internet governance as law , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Anchored in the international system , The need for further reform , Transnational law
transparency, Criticisms , World Trade Organization , Criticisms , Co-regulation , Democratic , Procedural versus substantive , Transnational democracy , Participatory democracy , Deliberative democracy , Deliberation in the public sphere , Transparency and accountability , Transparency , Accountability , e-democracy , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , IGF , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Follow-up , Consultations , Democratic , Transnational law , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Processes , Transparency and accountability , Transparency , Accountability , Inclusion , e-democracy
TRIPS, Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Open consultations , Follow-up , Democratic deliberation , , World Trade Organization , The private sector , Sources of international law
transcription, APNIC , Plenary sessions , Democratic deliberation , , Processes , Open consultations , Plenary sessions , Follow-up , Consultations , Plenary , Accountability , e-democracy
TRUSTe, Data protection and privacy rights , Internet governance as law , Other organisations as models
Tunis Agenda, Introduction , Governance mechanisms , Markets , Networks , Current arrangements , Internet-related public policy issues , Development , Regime theory , Actors in international law , Internet governance as law , Hybrid models in Internet governance , WSIS , Declaration of Principles , Mandate , Second phase , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , IGF , Submissions , Open consultations , Advisory Group , Plenary sessions , Follow-up , Anchored in the international system , The need for further reform , The IGF’s report card , Role , Recommendations , Coordination , Subsidiarity , Meta-governance , Development , Structure , Advisory Group , Open fora , Structural reform , Processes , The UN multi-stakeholder process , A new IGF
Tunis Mon Amour, Norms , The inception of ICANN , ITU , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Freedom of expression , e-commerce and e-government , Criticisms , Civil society’s influence on international law , New medievalism , Spillover effects , Cultural differences , Anarchy and the Internet , Inclusion , e-democracy , Internet democracy , Submissions , Anchored in the international system , e-democracy , Internet democracy ,
Tunisia, Freedom of expression , WSIS , A new IGF

U

Ubuntu, Hierarchy and open source software , Other organisations as models
telecommunications, ITU , Freedom of expression , Development , Criticisms , Co-regulation , Digital deficits , An Internet governance forum , IGF , CGI.br , Hierarchical , Multi-stakeholder bureau
UDRP, Criticisms , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Spillover effects , Hierarchical , Meta-governance
Unicode, Development
UNICTTF, Development , Other organisations as models , Development , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Nominating committee , The UN multi-stakeholder process
United Kingdom, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Spam , Freedom of expression , The United Nations , International custom , Deliberation in domestic politics , e-democracy , Regional initiatives , A new IGF
United Nations,
ECOSOC, The United Nations , ECOSOC , Other organisations as models
General Assembly, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , The United Nations , The European Union , International custom , Resolutions , Codes , Consociationalism , Consensus and culture , Processes , Anchored in the international system , Other organisations as models , Recommendations , Subsidiarity , Meta-governance , Plenary , Accountability
Secretary-General, Internet governance as it was , ITU , The United Nations , Civil society’s influence on international law , Civil society , WSIS , Plan of Action , WGIG , Processes , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , IGF , Preparations , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Outcomes , Consultations , Coordination , Network building , Structure , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Open consultations , Structural reform , Nominating committee , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Processes , The UN multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation , Transparency , Accountability , A new IGF
UNCITRAL, e-commerce and e-government , The new law merchant , Codes , Conflict of laws , Spillover effects , Differences between legal systems , Internet governance as law , Other organisations as models
UNESCO, Development , The United Nations , Plenary sessions , Network building
United States, Genesis of the Internet , Codes , , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , The inception of ICANN , International , Internet-related public policy issues , Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Spam , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Freedom of expression , Data protection and privacy rights , Consumer rights , Criticisms , The United Nations , World Trade Organization , International conventions , International custom , Resolutions , Enforcement of international law , Conflict of laws , Spillover effects , Differences between legal systems , Internet governance as law , Anarchistic Internet governance , The IGF as a meritocracy , Direct versus representative , Filter versus mirror , Participatory democracy , Deliberation in domestic politics , Accountability , e-democracy , Digital deficits , WSIS , WGIG , Processes , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , Preparations , Follow-up , Consociationalism and the IGF
exceptionalism, Enhanced cooperation
universalism, Cultural differences
universities, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Internet governance as law
Unix, The hacker ethos , Usenet
UNMSP, Anchored in the international system , Workshops and dynamic coalitions
Uruguay, World Trade Organization , Accountability ,
Usenet, Genesis of the Internet , Norms , Spillover effects , Usenet , Wikipedia , Hierarchy and open source software , Online deliberation
newsgroups, Norms , Markets , Usenet , Internet democracy
Usenet Cabal, Usenet
utilitarianism, Ideological differences
utopia, Usenet , Inclusion , Anarchistic , A new IGF

V

values, Technical and social architecture , Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Governance mechanisms , Architecture , Criticisms , Legitimacy , Governance mechanisms revisited , Private sector , Civil society , Ideological differences , Cultural differences , Anarchistic Internet governance , Hierarchical , Bureaucracy , The IGF as a meritocracy , Deliberation in non-state entities , e-democracy , Offline consensus , Multi-stakeholder public policy development , Anarchistic , Anchored in the international system , Autonomous transnational law , Multi-stakeholder bureau , Processes , e-democracy , A new IGF
vandalism, Wikipedia
Vatican, Cultural differences
Verisign, Internet governance as it was , Technical coordination , The inception of ICANN , The inception of ICANN , Current arrangements , International , National , Criticisms , IETF , ITU , Internet-related public policy issues , Data protection and privacy rights , Development , Governance mechanisms revisited , Actors in international law , Cultural differences , Internet governance as law , Anarchistic Internet governance , Criticisms , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Online consensus , ICANN , Consensus and rational choice , Enhanced cooperation , Workshops , CGI.br , Other organisations as models , Meta-governance , Consociationalism and the IGF , Accountability , Internet democracy , A new IGF , , National , ITU
VGT, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , Other organisations as models
video, Standards bodies , Wikipedia , , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , e-democracy , Online deliberation , APNIC , Remote participation , The Second Meeting , Plenary
Vietnam, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Freedom of expression
vigilantism, Norms , Governance mechanisms revisited
Vinton Cerf, Historical development , Network building
virtual communities, Hierarchy and open source software , Internet democracy , Conceptual criticisms , Digital deficits , ICANN , Consensual deficits
virtual reality, Online deliberation , Digital deficits
tolerance, Recommendations
totalitarianism, Ideological differences
trademarks, Introduction , The inception of ICANN , Criticisms , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , Hierarchy and open source software , Consensus and rational choice , Hierarchical
viruses, Internet stability, security and cybercrime , The First Meeting
Visa, The new law merchant , Spillover effects
VoIP, Criticisms , A new IGF

W

W3C, Networks , Standards bodies , W3C , ITU , Criticisms , Effectiveness , Inclusiveness , Legitimacy , Freedom of expression , Data protection and privacy rights , Development , Standards , Internet governance as law , Hybrid models , Consensus in Internet governance , Consensual deficits , Other organisations as models , Subsidiarity , Assessing consensus , e-democracy , A new IGF
webcasting, ICANN , Processes , Open consultations , Remote participation , Follow-up , Consultations , Remote participation , Plenary , Inclusion , e-democracy
Weber, Governance mechanisms , Governance mechanisms revisited , The legitimacy of authority , Governments , Private sector , Civil society , Designing a governance network , Bureaucracy , Hierarchy and open source software
Westminster, Accountability
Westphalia, Governance mechanisms revisited , Actors in international law , New medievalism , Transnational law , Limitations of international law , The legitimacy of authority , Governments , Cultural differences , Internet governance as law , Anarchistic Internet governance , Mandate , The IGF’s report card , A new IGF
WGIG, Networks , Internet governance as it was , Internet-related public policy issues , Development , Regime theory , WSIS , Stakeholder institutions , Declaration of Principles , The stakeholder groups revisited , Plan of Action , WGIG , Processes , Mandate , An Internet governance forum , Global public policy and oversight , Second phase , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , IGF , Preparations , Submissions , Open consultations , Secretariat , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Submissions , Regional initiatives , Autonomous transnational law , The need for further reform , Other organisations as models , Recommendations , Subsidiarity , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Multi-stakeholder bureau , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Transparency , e-democracy , A new IGF
WHATWG, Inclusiveness
White Paper, The inception of ICANN , Criticisms , World Trade Organization
WHOIS, Data protection and privacy rights , Meta-governance
Wiki, Wikipedia , Criticisms , The IETF as a meritocracy , Hybrid models , Hierarchy and open source software , e-democracy , Online deliberation , Online consensus , Processes , Remote participation , Other organisations as models , Inclusion , e-democracy , Internet democracy
Wikimedia Foundation, Wikipedia , Hybrid models , Other organisations as models
Wikipedia, Wikipedia , Criticisms , The IETF as a meritocracy , Hierarchy and open source software , Online deliberation , Inclusion
WIPO, The inception of ICANN , Criticisms , Internet-related public policy issues , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , The United Nations , The private sector , Codes , Internet governance as law , Transnational democracy , The stakeholder groups revisited , IGF , Submissions , Hierarchical , Other organisations as models , Recommendations , Subsidiarity , Network building , Meta-governance , Workshops and dynamic coalitions
tunnelling, Shaking the architecture’s foundations , Spillover effects
wire-tapping, Legitimacy , A new IGF
Wired, Internet democracy
wireless, Standards bodies , Remote participation
WordPress, Hierarchy and open source software
workshops, ITU , Plenary sessions , Workshops , Remote participation , Follow-up , The Second Meeting , Consultations , Plenary sessions , Workshops, open fora and best practices fora , Dynamic coalitions , Autonomous transnational law , Existing structures , Workshops and dynamic coalitions , Open fora , Structural reform , A consociational multi-stakeholder process , Consent , Democratic deliberation , Assessing consensus , e-democracy , Internet democracy
World Wide Web, Genesis of the Internet , W3C , Usenet , Internet democracy
WSIS, Internet governance as it was , International , Criticisms , ITU , Public policy governance , Internet-related public policy issues , Development , The private sector , Civil society’s influence on international law , Sources of international law , Resolutions , Digital deficits , WSIS , Processes , Stakeholder institutions , First phase , The stakeholder groups revisited , Plan of Action , WGIG , Processes , Mandate , An Internet governance forum , Second phase , Enhanced cooperation , The Internet Governance Forum , IGF , Preparations , Submissions , Open consultations , Secretariat , Advisory Group , Submissions , Plenary sessions , Workshops, open fora and best practices fora , Regional initiatives , Other proposals , Hierarchical , Democratic , Anchored in the international system , Autonomous transnational law , The need for further reform , Recommendations , Meta-governance , Development , Plenary , Secretariat , Open fora , Consociationalism and the IGF , The UN multi-stakeholder process , Democratic deliberation , Transparency , Accountability , Internet democracy , A new IGF
action lines, Plan of Action , Second phase
WTO, Internet-related public policy issues , Intellectual property rights (IPR) , e-commerce and e-government , Governments , The United Nations , World Trade Organization , International Labour Organization , The European Union , The private sector , The new law merchant , Sources of international law , Soft law , Governments , Enforcement of international law , Spillover effects , Hybrid models in Internet governance , Consent , e-democracy , IGF , Hierarchical , Other organisations as models , Policy-setting , Meta-governance

X

XML, Standards bodies , Freedom of expression , Data protection and privacy rights

Y

Yahoo!, Spam , Freedom of expression , Criticisms , Spillover effects , Cultural differences
Yoshio Utsumi, Plenary sessions
YouTube, e-democracy