|Multi-Stakeholder Public Policy Governance and its Application to the Internet Governance Forum|
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It was noted above that the principal mechanisms for technical coordination of the Internet are norms and markets, and historically it has indeed proved to be in that sequence that reliance on those mechanisms has emerged. Whilst originally the administration of the Internet’s architecture was carried out on the basis of informal arrangements and voluntary service, increasingly it is the subject of contracts between bodies such as ICANN and those such as TLD registries with whom it deals. It is again necessary to go back in history to paint a clear picture of how this trend has come about.